The Pass Line that goes around the whole table and the Don't Pass Line that tends to mirror it are the two basic bets of craps.

The game starts with the shooter placing one or the other of these bets. Since most players are "right bettors," that is, they bet the Pass Line, let's look at the game from the perspective of the Pass Line. The shooter places a bet on the Pass Line. He is given the dice. The shooter now rolls the dice. If he rolls a 7 or 11, the Pass Line bettors win even money -- i.e., you bet $10, you win $10. The Don't Pass bettors lose. However, if the shooter rolls a 2, 3 or 12, the Pass Line bettors lose and, on the 2 or 3, the Don't Pass bettors win; while on the 12, the Don't Pass bettors push, neither winning nor losing If the shooter rolls any one of the following numbers: 4,5,6,8,9, or 10; this number becomes the point. For the Pass Line bettor to win, the shooter must roll that number again before he rolls a 7. The reverse holds true for the Don't Pass bettor. If a 7 is rolled before the point, the Don't Pass bettor wins That's the game, pure and simple.

Here's an example of how this option works: The 7 can be made six different ways with two dice. The 4 can be made three different ways with two dice. Thus, the odds of a 7 appearing in relation to a 4 are six ways to three ways or two to one. Once the shooter has established his point number (let's keep it as the 4), the player has the option of placing an amount equal to (single odds), twice as much (double or 2X odds), three times as much (triple or 3X odds), five times as much (5X Odds), ten times as much (10X Odds), 20 times as much (20X Odds), or 100 times (100X Odds) or more, as his Pass Line bet in "odds" immediately behind it. Let's analyze the bet based on double odds The point is 4 and you have $10 on the Pass Line. You can now place $20 in odds behind it. If the shooter rolls a 4, you will be paid even money for your $10 Pass Line bet and the true odds for the Odds bet -- thus, you would win $40 for your $20 Odds bet. The casino has no edge whatsoever on this bet in the long run. The Free Odds bet reduces the casino edge on the Pass Line as follows (the Don't Pass is fractionally less):

Pass Line with no odds 1.41%
Pass Line with 1X odds 0.85%
Pass Line with 2X odds 0.61%
Pass Line with 3X odds 0.47%
Pass Line with 5X odds 0.33%
Pass Line with 10X odds 0.18%
Pass Line with 20X odds 0.10%
Pass Line with 100X odds 0.02%

The true odds for the point numbers are as follows:
Number Ways to Make Ways to Make Seven Odds

4 3 6 2 to 1
5 4 6 3 to 2
6 5 6 6 to 5
8 5 6 6 to 5
9 4 6 3 to 2
10 3 6 2 to 1

Two other low-percentage bets are the Come and Don't Come bets. These function in exactly the same way and have exactly the same house edges as the Pass and Don't Pass bets. The only difference is that they are made after the point is established.
Once the shooter has a point, you can place a bet in the large Come area on the layout or on the smaller Don't Come area in the upper left and right hand corners of the layout. A 7 or 11 wins the Come bet at even money, loses the Don't Come bet.
A 2, 3 or 12, loses the Come bet. While the 2 or 3 wins the Don't Come bet. Again the 12 is a push. However, should one of the point numbers be rolled (i.e., 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10), that number now must be rolled before the 7 for the Come bettor to win. Should the 7 appear before the number, the Don't Come bettor wins. The Come-Don't Come is merely a game within a game. As with the Pass and Don't Pass, the Come and Don't Come players are also offered the option of Free Odds. The last of the low-percentage bets is the placing of the six and/or eight, which can be done at any time. Here you simply place a wager in multiples of $6.00. The casino will pay off a winning bet at "casino odds" of $7.00 for every $6.00 wagered. The casino edge on this bet is 1.52 percent.

Other Bets
The following bets can be placed at any time, including during the come out roll.

Place the 4: You place the 4 in multiples of five dollars. If the 4 is rolled before the 7, the player wins nine dollars. The house edge is 6.67 percent.

Place the 5: You place the 5 in multiples of five dollars. If the 5 rolls before a 7, the player wins seven dollars. Casino edge is four percent.

Place the 6: You place the 6 in multiples of six dollars. If the 6 rolls before a 7, the player wins seven dollars. Casino edge is 1.52 percent.

Place the 8: You place the 8 in multiples of six dollars. If the 8 rolls before a 7, the player wins seven dollars. Casino edge is 1.52 percent.

Place the 9: You place the 9 in multiples of five dollars. If the 9 rolls before a 7, the player wins seven dollars. Casino edge is four percent.

Place the 10: You place the ten in multiples of five dollars. If the ten is rolled before the seven, the player wins nine dollars. The house edge is 6.67 percent.

Place to Lose You can also place the numbers to lose, sometimes this is called laying the numbers, as in: "Lay the four!" In such a case, you are rooting for a 7 to be thrown before the number appears Place the 4 to Lose: Here you bet in multiples of $11 that the 7 will come up before the 4. If you win, you receive five dollars. The house edge is 3.03 percent.

Place the 5 to Lose: Here you bet in multiples of eight dollars that the 7 will come up before the 5. If you win, you the bet is paid off at five dollars. The house edge is 2.5 percent.

Place the 6 to Lose: Here you are betting in multiples of five dollars that the 7 will be rolled before the 6. If you win, the bet is paid off at four dollars. The house edge is 1.82 percent.

Place the 8 to Lose: Here you are betting in multiples of five dollars that the 7 will be rolled before the 8. If you win, the bet is paid off at four dollars. The house edge is 1.82 percent.

Place the 9 to Lose: Here you bet in multiples of eight dollars that the 7 will come up before the 9. If you win, you the bet is paid off at five dollars. The house edge is 2.5 percent.

Place the 10 to Lose: Here you bet in multiples of $11 that the 7 will come up before the 10. If you win, you receive five dollars. The house edge is 3.03 percent.

Author; Frank Scoblete
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